This is a bronze sculpture depicting Moses, a prophet in the Abrahamic religions, according to their holy books; however, scholarly consensus sees Moses as a legendary figure and not a historical person. According to the Hebrew Bible, he was adopted by an Egyptian princess, and later in life became the leader of the Israelites and lawgiver, to whom the authorship of the Torah, or acquisition of the Torah from Heaven is traditionally attributed. Also called Moshe Rabbenu in Hebrew, he is the most important prophet in Judaism. He is also an important prophet in Christianity, Islam, the Bahá'í Faith, and a number of other Abrahamic religions.
he Maison Barbedienne was at the forefront of bronze sculpture in France during the 19th and first half of the 20th century. The foundry initially produced bronze reductions of antique sculptures and began producing works modelled by living artists in 1843. From this point onward, Barbedienne held contracts with the most prominent sculptors in France, including Antoine-Louis Barye, Amntonin Mercié and Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, and later Auguste Rodin and Emmanuel Fremiet. The present figure is a fine bronze reduction of Michelangelo's monumental marble sculpture of Moses, made for the tomb of Pope Julius II, circa 1513-15 (San Pietro in Vincoli, Rome).