On the day of the Pentecost, fifty days after Easter as foretold by Jesus on the day of his Ascension, the twelve apostles gather together to receive the Holy Spirit in the form of tongues of fire that here touch the top of their heads. They thereby receive the gift of tongues, allowing them to go out and evangelise the world. The birth of the Christian Church is celebrated on the day of Pentecost, a collective celebration of the apostles.
The Musée des Augustins' collection of Romanesque sculpture is composed mainly of remnants from the three most significant religious buildings in Toulouse: the Monastery of La Daurade, the Collegiate Church of Saint Sernin and Saint Etienne Cathedral.
It was the choice the clerics (monks or canons) responsible for the upkeep of these religious buildings made to live as a community, that led to the construction of functional convent buildings, organised around large cloisters decorated with simple or elaborate sculpture.
As the capital of a powerful county and a fast growing economic, political and religious centre, in the 11th and 12th centuries, Toulouse enjoyed a context highly favourable to the birth of an original art movement. The quality, diversity and exceptional longevity of the movement place Toulouse firmly among the major centres of Romanesque art. Thus, the works in the Musée des Augustins constitute fundamental milestones for the history of sculpture.