A 12 leaf version of my aperture box design, producing a sliding 12 sided aperture much like a camera iris. The box uses a simple mechanism which utilises sliding dovetail joints and screwed hinge joints. The box is approximately 80mm wide, 80mm tall (using the standard container) and has a 64mm container opening. It is opened by pushing the handles on the doors in a clockwise direction.
I also have many more Iris box designs which you can find on my profile page including an improved, premium version of this design '12 Leaf Aperture Iris Box'.
The part files are designed for M2x6 countersunk/flathead screws such as these (as with all my other designs); 24 screws are required in total for the box. The parts can be scaled to use larger or smaller screws e.g. M3x8 screws at 150% scale. Note: it's a lot cheaper to buy the screws in bulk from a specialist supplier.
Two versions of the container are included: the standard container which makes the box 80mm tall and a shortened container which makes it about 40mm tall (as used on the green/grey example). There are also two types of 'door' part: the 'Door handle' which has a ridge to grip and open the box (two are used on the printed example) and the simple flat 'door' part which has no handle extension.
Before printing off all the parts you should make sure the sliding dovetail and screw joints work correctly with your print settings. Supports are required for the overhanging section of the dovetail on the door parts. Don't worry about trying to remove all of the support residue as I have included extra gaps in the dovetail to account for this.
I recommend printing just one 'link' and two 'Door' parts to test the joints. The sliding dovetail joints may be a little stiff to begin with but should slide smoothly with very little effort for the box to work well. Materials with low friction are ideal (the standard PLA I use works fine) plus a little lubricant can help significantly. If the joints are too stiff, consider using a lower layer height or contour xy compensation (ideamaker is a free slicer which does this).
Also check that your screws fit securely in the holes on the base of the doors, but are free to spin in the link holes and the head is flush with the part surface. You may need to use hole xy compensation (ideamaker also does this) to get a good fit.
Printing and Assembly
For the box you will need to print: 12x 'Door' parts (any mixture of "Door" and "Door handle" parts up to 12) , 12x 'Link' and 1x 'Container' (Short or standard size).
Assembly is straightforward and firstly requires sliding all the door parts together. Then screw the non-pointed end of the links to the container and finally screw the links to the base of the doors.
It is easiest to open the box using your right thumb and fingers near the centre of the box on an opposing pair of door handles.
Let me know if you have any questions or problems with the design.