This sculpture titled 'L'amour de soi' (Eng. Love of Self) is a bronze sculpture by Charles Cumberworth (1811-1852). A student at the ecole des Beaux-Arts in 1829, Cumberworth exhibited through from 1833-1848 at the Salon of Paris, primarily showing busts of women and children but was also fond of statues depicting classical allegories. This sculpture is an example of one of Cumberworth's allegorical pieces. l'Amour de Soi (love of self) is a concept in the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau that refers to the kind of self-love that humans share with brute animals and predates the appearance of society.
Acts out of amour de soi tend to be for individual well-being. They are naturally good and not malicious because amour de soi as self-love does not involve pursuing one's self-interest at the expense of others. The sentiment does not compare oneself with others, but is convern solely with oneself as an absolute and valuable existence. It is related to an awareness of one's future and can restrain present impulse. Rousseau contrasts it with amour-propre, that kind of self-love, found in Thomas Hobbes' philosophy, in which one's opinion of oneself is dependent on what other people think and which arises only with society.
Rousseau suggested that amour de soi was lost during the transition from the pre-societal condition to society, but he can be restored by the use of 'good' institutions created with the social contract. This renewed passage from the state of nature to the civilized state, would bring man to favour justice instead of instinct.
This object is part of "Scan The World". Scan the World is a non-profit initiative introduced by MyMiniFactory, through which we are creating a digital archive of fully 3D printable sculptures, artworks and landmarks from across the globe for the public to access for free. Scan the World is an open source, community effort, if you have interesting items around you and would like to contribute, email firstname.lastname@example.org to find out how you can help.