Inspired by the Button Tower of the cathedral at Rouen, France, the Tribune Tower exemplifies the way American architects have elevated office buildings to sacred status. Newspaper publisher Colonel Robert R. McCormick held a $50,000.00 international competition to design, "the most beautiful and eye-catching office building in the world." In some estimations, it succeeded. The tower has all of the traditional elements of a skyscraper plus heritage expressed in flying buttresses, spires, grotesques, and more. The base of the Tribune Tower contains 120 stones from important locations all around the world, including the Parthenon, in Greece; the pyramids, in Egypt; the Taj Mahal, in India; the Alamo, in San Antonio; the Great Wall of China; and Injun Joe Cave in Missouri.
- Construction start: 1922
- Construction finish: 1925
- Designed by: Raymond Hood, and John Mead Howells
- Type: Skyscraper
- Stories: 34
- Maximum Height: 463 feet / 141 meters
- 1 February, 1989: Tribune Tower was named an official Chicago Landmark.
- 11 October, 2004: The McCormick Tribune Foundation announced that Tribune Tower will be the new home of an as-yet-unnamed museum about American freedom with a concentration on the First Amendment.
- 1 December, 2004: The competition to name the new museum at Tribune Tower ended.
- 1 April, 2005: Groundbreaking for the Freedom Museum at Tribune Tower.
- April, 2006: The McCormick Tribune Freedom Museum opened in the space formerly occupied by a Hammacher Schlemmer store. Officially, the space is the WGN-TV Building, though the television station is no longer located there. The museum cost $10 million to build.
- May 17, 2006: Stones from the Sydney Opera House were added to the facade. They were presented by Janette Howard, the wife of Australian Prime Minister John Howard.
- January 30, 2009: The McCormick Freedom Museum announced it is leaving this building to become a mobile museum.
- September, 2010: This building was named #21 on Chicago Magazine's list of the Top 40 Buildings in Chicago.
(Credit; Chicago Architecture)
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Scanned : Photogrammetry (Processed using Agisoft PhotoScan)